3 Leading Cyber Security Attacks and Steps to Stop the Next One

Updated: May 20, 2020

Technology is a powerful and valuable tool. It’s pretty hard to imagine our lives without it nowadays. The scope of utilization is huge, and it’s developing day by day. But with all the pros that come with the constant use of technology, there are also some downsides you have to watch out for.

One of the most important is the concern of cybersecurity. The art of breaking the system has developed together with the system itself.


Various approaches to this art are many, such as:

  • Denial-of-service;

  • Malware;

  • Phishing;

  • SQL injections, etc.


These are just some of the natures of cyberattacks that one might face. Let’s take a look at some of the most infamous attacks the world has seen.


Spoofing

Spoofing takes many styles, but at its core, it’s an attack that creates a disguise to convince the victim they are someone else, some sort of trusted source. And when the fraud is successful, the hacker simply gets the data handed in by the victims themselves.


This sort of strategy and its viability was highlighted excellently by Bryan Seely. The guy managed to get access to over 40 FBI phone calls simply using the Google maps service. The story is interesting, and the execution is fairly simple.


DDoS

Michael Calce, also known as MafiaBoy, is responsible for one of the biggest DDoS attacks of all time. He succeeded to bring down Yahoo, eBay, Amazon, and CNN in a series of denial-of-service attacks, shutting down the internet services of these organizations completely. This episode caused millions of dollars in damages.


Denial-of-service attacks have gotten a lot of traction in recent years. They are directed at interrupting services provided by a host, typically by flooding it with queries to the point where they simply can not process them fast enough.


DDoS has been a bane of streamers and e-sports tournaments. But there are steps you can take to defend yourself. The inquiries that bog down the host is normally coming from various sources, so blocking one won’t do you any good.


A universal solution is required instead. Sinkholing, application front end hardware, or simply fine-tuning your router setting can specify priorities too, filter, or simply limit the incoming traffic in case of malicious attacks.


Social Engineering

Despite all the software flaws that can be abused by hackers, the main fault always was and still is a human factor. Instead of trying to push your way into a system, why not just have someone open a door for you? Social engineering hacks are fairly common. They come in all forms and are a universal key to any system.


Any system of which a person is a part of can be targeted by fooling a human. The range of these attacks can vary from a simple user to massive organizations or government structures.


The monitor is the ultimate mask. You don’t see the person on the other side of the screen. But you are sure they are your friend/your employer/your landlord/your parent.


The ABC for anyone who wants to protect themselves from social engineering scams is:

  • Assume nothing;

  • Believe no one;

  • Check everything.


Final Words

The safest way to protect yourself and your data are to remain vigilant. There are a lot of things you can do to secure personal security.


Never forget to:

  • Use different passwords for different services;

  • Not click on random links;

  • Say no to downloading unknown files.


These are rather simple rules, and they should be not difficult to follow. If you make following them a habit, it can save you a lot of problems.


Source: wire19.com